On May 23, 2018, the Department of Commerce launched Section 232 investigation on passenger vehicles and automotive parts to evaluate “whether such imports are weakening our internal economy and may impair the national security.” Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 allows the president to impose tariffs on imports that the Department of Commerce deems a threat to the United States’ national security.
On May 23, the Department of Commerce initiated the investigation to determine the effects on the national security of imports of automobiles and automotive parts. You can view the Federal Register notice here (extension of comment period here). Once the investigation is initiated, Commerce has 270 days to issue its report on the investigation and recommendations to the President. The President then has 90 days to determine whether he agrees with Commerce and impose any tariffs.
Over 2,000 comments were submitted to the docket. You can view them all here.
MEMA testified at Commerce's public hearing on July 19 in Washington, D.C.
February 17, 2019: Hours before the 90 day deadline, Commerce announced they submitted the Section 232 report on Automobiles and Automobile Parts to the President. The report has not been made public yet. MEMA's comments on the subject matter can be found here.
May 17, 2019: A presidential proclamation on Adjusting Imports of Automobiles and Automobile Parts Into the United States was released.