State Issue Update

Date: February 5, 2019

As a service to AASA, HDMA, MERA and OESA members, MEMA contracts with Stateside to provide timely updates on key issues affecting parts suppliers on the state level. For brief summaries of state activity, see below. The StateLink portal is currently being updated and will be live for MEMA members in the coming weeks. For more in-depth information in the interim, including bill text and legislative outlook, please contact Catherine Boland.

Aftermarket Parts

New Hampshire HB 664

Sponsor: Representative Kermit Williams (D)

Summary: This measure provides that an insurer shall reimburse a repairer for all repairs if a repairer follows original equipment manufacturer recommended collision repair procedures, recommendations, or service bulletins while repairing a vehicle.  

Status: 01/29/2019: Hearing held; 02/06/2019: Executive Session scheduled

Virginia HB 2143

Sponsor: Delegate Robert Bell (R)

Summary: This measure provides that a person is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor if he

  1. installs or reinstalls any air bag or other component of a motor vehicle's supplemental restraint system that is counterfeit, nonfunctional, or not in accordance with federal safety regulations;
  2. knowingly, without authorization, and not pursuant to guidelines or bulletins from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration sells, installs, reinstalls, or replaces any device that causes a motor vehicle's diagnostic system to fail to warn when a counterfeit supplemental restraint system component as defined in the bill or a nonfunctional air bag as defined in the bill is installed in a motor vehicle or inaccurately indicate that the motor vehicle is equipped with a properly functioning air bag; or
  3. knowingly manufactures, imports, distributes, sells, or offers for sale a device intended to replace a supplemental restraint system component in any motor vehicle that is a counterfeit supplemental restraint system component, a nonfunctional air bag, or a device that does not meet federal safety standards.

Status: 01/25/2019: Passed House; referred to Senate Committee for Courts of Justice

Autonomous Vehicles

Connecticut HB 6889

Sponsor: Representative Caroline Simmons (D)

Summary: This proposed measure provides educational subsidies and support for students studying in the fields of artificial intelligence, virtual reality, autonomous vehicles or quantum computing at institutions of higher education in the state, if such students work in the state upon graduation.

Status: 01/30/2019: Introduced; referred to Joint Committee on Higher Education and Employment Advancement

Minnesota SF 674 - Autonomous Vehicles

Sponsor: Senator Jim Abeler (R)

Summary: More specifically, this measure states that vehicles equipped with an automated driving system are prohibited  from operating on any Minnesota road or highway unless the automated driving system is disabled and the person operating the vehicle performs all dynamic driving tasks.

This measure defines "Automated driving system" means hardware and software that are collectively  capable, without any intervention or supervision by a person, of performing all aspects of  the dynamic driving task for a vehicle on a part-time or full-time basis, described as levels 4 and 5 automation in SAE International's Standard J3016, as it existed in September 2016. 

This measure defines "Dynamic driving task" means all of the following aspects of driving:

  1. operational aspects, including steering, braking, accelerating, and monitoring the vehicle and roadway; and
  2. tactical aspects, including responding to events, determining when to change lanes, turning, using signals, and other related actions. 

This measure also states that Dynamic driving task does not include strategic aspects of driving, including determining  destinations or way points.

Status: 01/31/2019: Introduced; Referred to Committee on Transportation, Finance, Policy

Nebraska LB 142

Sponsor: Senator Suzanne Geist (NP)

Summary: This measure states that an automated-driving-system-equipped dual-mode or automated  driving-system-dedicated vehicles may  operate on the public roads of this state without a conventional human driver physically present in the vehicle, as long as the vehicle meets the following conditions:

  1. The vehicle is capable of achieving a minimal risk condition if a malfunction of the automated driving system occurs that renders the system unable to perform the entire dynamic driving task within its intended operational design domain, if any; and
  2. While in driverless operation, the vehicle is capable of operating in compliance with the applicable traffic and motor vehicle safety laws and regulations of this state that govern the performance of the dynamic driving task, including, but not limited to, safely negotiating railroad crossings, unless an exemption has been granted by the department. The department shall consult with the railroad companies operating in this state when considering an exemption that affects vehicle operations at railroad crossings.

This measure provides that a driving-automation-system-equipped vehicle not in driverless operation may operate on public roads if a conventional human driver is present.

Before an automated-driving-system-dedicated or automated-driving-system-equipped dual-mode an automated-driving-system-equipped vehicle may operate on the public roads of this state:

  1. the manufacturer shall provide evidence to the department of ability to respond to damages for liability in the amount of at least five million dollars, to include minimum coverage of one million dollars per vehicle per occurrence, and
  2. a person shall submit proof of financial responsibility satisfactory to the department that the automated-driving system-equipped vehicle is covered by insurance or proof of self insurance that satisfies the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Responsibility Act. The operator or owner of a driving-automation-system equipped vehicle shall comply with the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Responsibility Act.

Status: 01/29/2019: Hearing held. There was no reported action from this hearing.

Nebraska LB 521

Sponsor: Senator Mike McDonnell (NP)

Summary: This measure states that a driverless-capable vehicle may operate on the public roads  of this state with without a conventional human driver physically present in the vehicle, as long as the vehicle meets certain conditions. The conditions include abiding applicable driving laws, including the safe negotiation of school crossings.

Status: 03/05/2019: Hearing scheduled

New Jersey AJR 164

Sponsor: Assemblymember Daniel Benson (D)

Summary: The joint resolution requires the task force to issue a report to the  Governor and Legislature, which is to include, but not be limited to an evaluation of existing State laws that may unreasonably impede the testing and operation of autonomous vehicles on public roads in the State; an evaluation of existing state and federal law concerning 

advanced autonomous vehicles with a focus on certain topics  described in the joint resolution; recommendations for implementing advanced autonomous vehicle pilot programs to promote safe testing and operation of advanced autonomous vehicles on public roads in the State; an evaluation of existing legislation and regulations in other states concerning advanced autonomous vehicles; recommendations on how this State could safely integrate advanced autonomous vehicles on its highways, streets, and roads; any other information relevant to the subject of the report; and any draft legislation the task force deems appropriate to implement the purposes of the joint resolution, which is required to be consistent with federal law, regulations, and policy guidance.

The task force will consist of eleven members. Two of the additional members are to be public members appointed by the Governor, one with expertise in automotive manufacturing and one who is licensed in the State as a professional engineer. One of the additional members it to be selected by the Governor and is to be a commissioner of the Board of Public Utilities (BPU) or that commissioner’s designee. The BPU has expertise on electric vehicles, which many of the advanced autonomous vehicles are expected to be.

The evaluation of existing state  and federal law concerning advanced autonomous vehicles is to focus on licensing, registration, insurance, liability, law enforcement and accident reporting, land use, road and infrastructure design, public transit, and workforce changes rather than on safety standards generally. The bill provides that the task force report is to include recommendations for implementing advanced autonomous vehicle pilot programs and an evaluation of existing legislation and regulations in other states concerning advanced autonomous vehicles and is not to be limited to a focus on safety standards. It also requires that any draft legislation included in the task force report be consistent with federal law, regulations, and policy guidance. 

Status:  01/31/2019: Substituted for companion; passed Senate; Assembly concurred Senate amendments 01/17/2019: Hearing held; amended; passed Committee

New York A 2008

Part M: Extend the authorization for testing of autonomous vehicles for an additional two years and makes other changes to support autonomous vehicle development:

Summary: This budget proposal expands on the 2017 Autonomous Vehicle legislation to encourage more autonomous vehicle manufacturers to operate in New York by extending the authorization to test for two years, and make permanent reporting requirements.

The budget proposal requires the Commissioner of Motor Vehicle to work with other officials to compile a comprehensive report on the impact of autonomous motor vehicles.

Status: 02/12/2019: Joint Legislative Budget hearing scheduled

North Dakota HB 1197

Sponsor: Representative George Keiser (R)

Summary:  The bill specifies the following exceptions from autonomous vehicle data:

  1. The owner of an autonomous vehicle owns any data or information stored by the  autonomous vehicle or gathered by the use of the autonomous vehicle. For purposes of this section "autonomous vehicle" means a motor vehicle using autonomous technology, as a means to eliminate the human operator. 
  2. A manufacturer, insurer, or seller of autonomous vehicles or autonomous vehicular  technology may share, release, or distribute nonidentifying aggregate vehicle data collected and stored by the autonomous vehicle. For purposes of this subsection "nonidentifying" means nonpersonalized information or data about the owner, operator, or the autonomous vehicle. 
  3. A manufacturer, insurer, or seller of autonomous vehicles or autonomous vehicular  technology may share, release, or distribute identifying or personalized information or data collected and stored by the autonomous vehicle, with the consent of the owner of the autonomous vehicle or by order of a court.

Status: 01/31/2019: Hearing scheduled

North Dakota HB 1199

Sponsor: Representative Dan Ruby (R)

Summary: More specifically, this measure states that this section does not apply to the operation of a non - lead vehicle in a platoon.

This measure defines "platoon" as a group of motor vehicles using vehicle - to - vehicle communications to travel in a unified manner at close following distances on a multi-lane, limited-access, divided highway.

Status: 01/29/2019: Passed House
 

Emissions/Climate Change

 

Vehicle Inspections

Missouri HB 451

Sponsor: Representative J Eggleston (R)

Summary: This bill repeals the inspection requirement for non-commercial motor vehicles which is currently required in order to renew a motor vehicle license. The air quality and emission inspection requirements for St. Louis and some specified areas which are mandated by federal law are not modified. Inspection stations may still perform school bus safety inspections, and odometer reading inspections and services for transferring vehicle ownership.

Currently, an untitled, homemade trailer that is 16 feet or more in  length must have a certificate of inspection. This bill requires all homemade trailers to have a certificate of inspection and increases the inspection fee from $10 to $25. The State Highway Patrol or other authorized law enforcement agency shall issue the vehicle examination certificate. The Superintendent of the State Highway Patrol shall provide law enforcement agencies performing the inspections with the needed forms.

Status: 01/28/2019: Hearing held

 

 

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